Jan 11st The Introduction of Sound
The Introduction of Sound
- Multiple discoveries and patents around the same period of time, the second half of the 1920.
- Main countries in the race: United States, Germany and the USSR
- First Sound Film: cheap way of reproducing stage acts and music
- On October6, 1927. The Jazz Singer (Alan Crosland) premiered by Warner Bros. This film developed into a major hit, demonstrating the profit potential of feature-length “talkies”.
- In 1928, The Lights of New York (Bryan Foy) is the first 100% talkis
When Sound Came In:
- Microphones were multiple-directional and insensitive
- Sound had to be recorded on the spot
- The sound track occupied part of the left of the rectangular images
- cameras were noisy and were put in bulky booths
So in this way
- Difficult to get precise frames
- camera booths had wheels, but these were usually served to move the camera between set-ups: too noisy and awkward for tracking shots (only short panning movements through the booth windows were possible)
- Yet multiple-camera shooting wasn’t abandoned. (Film makers were reluctant to surrender the flexibility and convenience.)
A little later, in the beginning of 1930s
- Technicians were quick to solve the previously intentioned problems
- Studio build padded metal “blimps” that silenced the camera
- Microphone booms came into use
- It became increasingly possible to record more than one track of sound for a scene and to mix them into a single final track
The Introduction of Sound & Globalization: Crossing the Language Barriers
The language barrier threatened to limit export possiblities.
- No translation at all, thus is musicals.
- Dubbing a new sound track, which was clumsy and expensive since the mixing of sound was impossible in the early years: recording dialogues and music at the same time and it was difficult with lip-synch
- Added subtitles
- Eliminated dialogue
Later, big companies decided to created the Multilingual film , but it was too expensive.
How problems was solved later? Advances in sound mixing techniques came into use, such as lip-synch recording technology. Meanwhile, other countries apart from Us has developed their own industries, such as Indian Bollywood.