Jan 11st The Introduction of Sound

The Introduction of Sound

  • Multiple discoveries and patents around the same period of time, the second half of the 1920.
  • Main countries in the race: United States, Germany and the USSR
  • First Sound Film: cheap way of reproducing stage acts and music
  • On October6, 1927. The Jazz Singer (Alan Crosland) premiered by Warner Bros. This film developed into a major hit, demonstrating the profit potential of feature-length “talkies”.

  • In 1928, The Lights of New York (Bryan Foy) is the first 100% talkis

When Sound Came In:

  • Microphones were multiple-directional and insensitive
  • Sound had to be recorded on the spot
  • The sound track occupied part of the left of the rectangular images
  • cameras were noisy and were put in bulky booths

So in this way

  • Difficult to get precise frames
  • camera booths had wheels, but these were usually served to move the camera between set-ups: too noisy and awkward for tracking shots (only short panning movements through the booth windows were possible)
  • Yet multiple-camera shooting wasn’t abandoned. (Film makers were reluctant to surrender the flexibility and convenience.)

A little later, in the beginning of 1930s

  • Technicians were quick to solve the previously intentioned problems
  • Studio build padded metal “blimps” that silenced the camera
  • Microphone booms came into use
  • It became increasingly possible to record more than one track of sound for a scene and to mix them into a single final track

The Introduction of Sound & Globalization: Crossing the Language Barriers

The language barrier threatened to limit export possiblities.

Several solutions:

  • No translation at all, thus is musicals.
  • Dubbing a new sound track, which was clumsy and expensive since the mixing of sound was impossible in the early years: recording dialogues and music at the same time and it was difficult with lip-synch
  • Added subtitles
  • Eliminated dialogue

Later, big companies decided to created the Multilingual film , but it was too expensive.

How problems was solved later? Advances in sound mixing techniques came into use, such as lip-synch recording technology. Meanwhile, other countries apart from Us has developed their own industries, such as Indian Bollywood.

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